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Chlorine Dioxide - In Layman's Terminology

What is Chlorine Dioxide or ClO2?

Chlorine Dioxide is a gas that up until very recently has always been dissolved in water and used as either a bleaching agent or a disinfectant for hard surfaces.  Through a new and innovative packaging technology, OdorXit ClO2, chlorine dioxide gas can be produced for direct usage in a safe and consistent way.

When using ClO2 as a gas, as opposed to dissolving it in water, it does a much better job than chlorine:  Chlorine Dioxide:

  • Oxidizes spores, bacteria, virus and other odor causing agents
  • Decreases the time necessary for it to be in contact with these odor causing agents
  • Dissolves faster and easier than chlorine in water
  • Dissolved in water it won’t cause rusting, chemical buildup; it reduces long term maintenance costs in toilets, water treatment and manufacturing plants.
  • Produces no carcinogenic byproducts like Tri Halo Methane (THM) found in drinking water when cleaned with normal chlorine products.  This has caused some researchers to use ClO2 and NOT chlorine to disinfect drinking water.

In the past, producing ClO2 gas required large and expensive machinery, but with the introduction of OdorXit ClO2, no machinery is required.  When the OdorXit ClO2 packets are exposed to just water or humid air they produce low levels of ClO2 gas.

The Fast Mode of OdorXit ClO2 produces enough gas per hour to raise ClO2 levels high enough to require that people and pets leave the area being treated during the high level treatment period (usually 24 hours or less). 

The Slow Mode OdorXit ClO2 version produces much smaller amounts of ClO2 gas per hour for 20 to 30 days.  Used as advised, ClO2 levels never exceed .01 ppm which is considerably below levels that are considered an irritant or dangerous.

History and Chemistry of ClO2

While ClO2 has chlorine in its name, ClO2 reaction chemistry is fundamentally different from that of chlorine. Chlorine dioxide is a stable free radical and functions via an oxidative rather than a chlorinating reaction.

  • Its oxidative power allows it to disrupt the cell membranes of microorganisms so that nutrients cannot be carried into the cell.  Many commonly used disinfectants are not effective against the cell membrane and instead interrupt the metabolism of the microorganism.  Then the microorganism can develop resistance to the disinfectant.
  • ClO2 oxidizes the microorganism BEFORE it can develop any resistance, oxidizeing the microorganism on contact.
  • Some oxidizers can be too powerful in their oxidation.  ClO2 is unique because although it is highly oxidative, it is also highly selective.
  • This means that ClO2 doesn't react with whatever material is present; it selectively oxidizes and destroys certain microorganisms and is not wasted on benign matter.  Due to its oxidizing power, ClO2 has excellent capability to penetrate biofilms where certain bacteria such as Legionella hide and cannot be oxidized by most disinfectants including chlorine.

Odor Management

Air quality is just as important today as water quality and has received significant attention in the last few years by consumers as well as regulatory and governmental agencies.  The market is literally flooded with deodorizers emphasizing ”they are the only one that really works”, when in fact, all they do is “mask” the odor with some sort of fragrance.

Odors can be caused by a number of factors and often are associated with bacterial presence, food processing, smoke, and industrial processes.  The List of chemical substances causing odors is very extensive but most odor-causing compounds are derived from the chemical compound of sulfur and nitrogen such as amines, cyanides, hydrogen sulfide, mercaptans, aldehydes and phenols – all poisons at sufficient concentration levels.

This combination makes OdorXit ClO2 a powerful weapon to control odors in confined spaces.  The OdorXit ClO2 Dry Media design will control odor-causing bacteria, mold, mildew and chemical odors.  This product is based on the production of ClO2 gas and is capable of producing a controlled concentration of ClO2 in the air based on specific ratios of relative humidity and temperature and meets the current OSHA permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 0.1 ppm as an 8-hour time-weighed average.

If you have questions, call the odor experts at 1-877-636-7948.

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